SIN, WILDERNESS OF (Heb. סִין). (1) An area between Elim and Sinai, traversed by the children of Israel in their exodus from Egypt (Ex. 16:1); it is defined more specifically in Exodus 17:1 as the area before Rephidim. In the recapitulation of the wanderings through the desert in Numbers 33:11–12, the order is: Elim-Red Sea-Wilderness of Sin-Dophkah. The location of Sin naturally depends on the view taken of the route of the Exodus (see exodus ). Accepting the traditional southern route, the desert of Sin would be identical to the plain of al-Marḥa (or al-Markha), between Wadi Baʿbʿa and Wadi Sidrī on the west coast of the Sinai peninsula; its position would then be between Elim (Wadi Gharandal?) and Dophkah (Ṣarābīṭ al-Khādim (?), the turquoise mines exploited in ancient times). (2) Sin is mentioned in connection with the "stronghold of Egypt" in Ezekiel 30:15–16. It is probably identical with Syene (Aswān; Ezek. 29:10; 30:6), the southern boundary fortress of Egypt. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Abel, Geog, 2 (1938), 212–3. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Sin, Wilderness of —    Lying between Elim and sinai (Ex. 16:1; comp. Num. 33:11, 12). This was probably the narrow plain of el Markha, which stretches along the eastern shore of the Red Sea for several miles toward the promontory of Ras Mohammed, the southern… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • WILDERNESS — or desert; (Heb. צִיָּה ,יְשִׁימוֹן ,מִדְבָּר). In most biblical passages midbar refers principally to an uninhabited, uncultivated land (e.g., Jer. 2:2; 22:6; Ps. 107:4, 33–36) but sometimes also denotes complete desolation (e.g., Num. 20:4–5;… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Wilderness of Sin — The Wilderness of Sin/Desert of Sin (Hebrew: מִדְבַּר סִין, Midbar Sin‎) is a geographic area mentioned by the Bible as lying between Elim and Mount Sinai.[1][2] Sin does not refer to sinfulness, but is an untranslated word that would translate… …   Wikipedia

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  • Elim (Bible) — Elim ( he. אֵילִם, transl|he|’êlim) was one of the places where the Israelites camped following their Exodus from Egypt. It is referenced in Exodus 15.27 and Numbers 33.9 as a place where there were twelve wells of water, and seventy date palms,… …   Wikipedia

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